It was among the departments listed in the General Charter of the Imperial Russian Universities (1884).

Four chairs (pure mathematics, theoretical and practical mechanics, astronomy and geodesy, organic chemistry) and two sub-departments (physical-mathematical and scientific) were established at the department.

200 students enrolled in the Physics and Mathematics Department.

Famous researchers, such as F. Molin, N. Goryachev, V. Nekrasov, L. Vishnevsky and others began to teach at the established department.

F. Molin was the first Professor of Mathematics in Siberia.

He brought some beauty and rigour of this science into academic Tomsk.

In 1933, Tomsk State University changed over to the departmental management system and sub-departments were abolished.

In the year 1948, the Physics and Mathematics Department split into the Mechanics and Mathematics Department and Physics Departments.

The Mechanics and Mathematics Department made a major contribution to the development of mathematical studies and education in Siberia.

For a long period, it was the only department beyond the Urals training specialists for Mathematics Departments of Universities and R&D Institutes.

Nowadays, there are 75 lecturers at the Mechanics and Mathematics Department.

57 of them have higher academic degrees: there are 16 Full Professors, 41 PhD, 1 Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education, 2 Honored Science Workers of the RF, 32 Honored Workers of the Higher Professional Education of the RF, 2 Distinguished Professors of Tomsk State University, 2 members of the International Academy of Ecology, Human and Nature Safety and 1 Corresponding Member of the International Informatization Academy among them.

Throughout its existence, the department has trained about five thousand specialists in mathematics, mechanics and computer sciences who have been working in all regions of Russia as well as in neighboring and far abroad countries.

Modern computers located in five display rooms connected to the INTERNET network and SKIF Cyberia supercomputer with the peak performance of 62 teraflops are used to prepare bachelor and master students.

SKIF Cyberia supercomputer is the most powerful supercomputer in Siberia today. It has 1280 high-throughput processors containing 5304 cores. Dormitory located next door to the main building of Tomsk State University.

There is a computer network in it connected with the University network allowing for independent work of students.

Mechanics and Mathematics Department graduates successfully work in the Universities of Tomsk, Siberian cities and CIS countries as well as in R&D Institutes and commercial enterprises not only in Russia but also in Europe, USA, Canada and other countries.

Members and corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, rectors, professors and associate professors, vice-governors, bank executives, specialists of oil and gas complex control systems, R&D Institute members, computer company managers and software engineers are among those who used to study at the Mechanics and Mathematics Department.

Edison Denisov, an outstanding modern composer, graduated from the Mechanics and Mathematics Department of Tomsk State University.